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Biodiversity

About the activity

IMPROVEMENT OF THE REGULATORY FRAMEWORK In Kyrgyzstan, significant progress has been made in the adoption of key environmental laws. This basic legislation is considered to be sufficiently developed, although some of its requirements do not yet comply with the norms of a democratic state with a market economy. Too often there are no by-laws, or outdated by-laws of the Soviet era are adopted. A positive change is the introduction of procedures for the systematic development of legislation with the participation of all stakeholders. Revision of outdated requirements The authorities should immediately stop applying the "obsolete rules". Outdated by-laws should be reviewed, and basic legislation and by-laws should be developed that establish clear, realistic and legally enforceable requirements. In order to achieve the latter goal, special attention should be paid to laws and regulations governing the issuance of permits (and the establishment of limits), industrial environmental self-control and measures to respond to non-compliance with requirements. Reforming the system of issuing environmental permits The existing system of issuing permits has not changed for the most part: individual permits are issued by air, water and waste. In 2001-2002, the requirement to have a permit for air emissions was removed from the legislation, and special economic zones were created, enterprises in which are not required to comply with environmental legislation. Such "deregulation" is contrary to good international practice. The validity period of permits is short compared to most industrialized countries: by air – only one year and from one to five years – by water. The methods used in establishing the requirements laid down in permits, combined with the short validity period of permits, lead to cleaning "at the end of the pipe" instead of studying and applying innovative measures by enterprises ("cleaner production"). Sometimes excessive requirements "at the end of the pipe" impose restrictions on the use of resources of enterprises that could otherwise be invested in the modernization of existing technologies. In view of these and some other facts, the issuance of permits (including the establishment of limits) should be rationalized and used as a means to achieve environmental goals balanced with the goals of economic development and the interests of local communities. To come to a similar situation, the MEiCS should: • apply different methods and procedures for issuing permits to a large pr

Functions and responsibilities

IMPROVEMENT OF THE REGULATORY FRAMEWORK In Kyrgyzstan, significant progress has been made in the adoption of key environmental laws. This basic legislation is considered to be sufficiently developed, although some of its requirements do not yet comply with the norms of a democratic state with a market economy. Too often there are no by-laws, or outdated by-laws of the Soviet era are adopted. A positive change is the introduction of procedures for the systematic development of legislation with the participation of all stakeholders. Revision of outdated requirements The authorities should immediately stop applying the "obsolete rules". Outdated by-laws should be reviewed, and basic legislation and by-laws should be developed that establish clear, realistic and legally enforceable requirements. In order to achieve the latter goal, special attention should be paid to laws and regulations governing the issuance of permits (and the establishment of limits), industrial environmental self-control and measures to respond to non-compliance with requirements. Reforming the system of issuing environmental permits The existing system of issuing permits has not changed for the most part: individual permits are issued by air, water and waste. In 2001-2002, the requirement to have a permit for air emissions was removed from the legislation, and special economic zones were created, enterprises in which are not required to comply with environmental legislation. Such "deregulation" is contrary to good international practice. The validity period of permits is short compared to most industrialized countries: by air – only one year and from one to five years – by water. The methods used in establishing the requirements laid down in permits, combined with the short validity period of permits, lead to cleaning "at the end of the pipe" instead of studying and applying innovative measures by enterprises ("cleaner production"). Sometimes excessive requirements "at the end of the pipe" impose restrictions on the use of resources of enterprises that could otherwise be invested in the modernization of existing technologies. In view of these and some other facts, the issuance of permits (including the establishment of limits) should be rationalized and used as a means to achieve environmental goals balanced with the goals of economic development and the interests of local communities. To come to a similar situation, the MEiCS should: • apply different methods and procedures for issuing permits to a large pr

Legislation

IMPROVEMENT OF THE REGULATORY FRAMEWORK In Kyrgyzstan, significant progress has been made in the adoption of key environmental laws. This basic legislation is considered to be sufficiently developed, although some of its requirements do not yet comply with the norms of a democratic state with a market economy. Too often there are no by-laws, or outdated by-laws of the Soviet era are adopted. A positive change is the introduction of procedures for the systematic development of legislation with the participation of all stakeholders. Revision of outdated requirements The authorities should immediately stop applying the "obsolete rules". Outdated by-laws should be reviewed, and basic legislation and by-laws should be developed that establish clear, realistic and legally enforceable requirements. In order to achieve the latter goal, special attention should be paid to laws and regulations governing the issuance of permits (and the establishment of limits), industrial environmental self-control and measures to respond to non-compliance with requirements. Reforming the system of issuing environmental permits The existing system of issuing permits has not changed for the most part: individual permits are issued by air, water and waste. In 2001-2002, the requirement to have a permit for air emissions was removed from the legislation, and special economic zones were created, enterprises in which are not required to comply with environmental legislation. Such "deregulation" is contrary to good international practice. The validity period of permits is short compared to most industrialized countries: by air – only one year and from one to five years – by water. The methods used in establishing the requirements laid down in permits, combined with the short validity period of permits, lead to cleaning "at the end of the pipe" instead of studying and applying innovative measures by enterprises ("cleaner production"). Sometimes excessive requirements "at the end of the pipe" impose restrictions on the use of resources of enterprises that could otherwise be invested in the modernization of existing technologies. In view of these and some other facts, the issuance of permits (including the establishment of limits) should be rationalized and used as a means to achieve environmental goals balanced with the goals of economic development and the interests of local communities. To come to a similar situation, the MEiCS should: • apply different methods and procedures for issuing permits to a large pr